Iconography, Shields around the Candle: Symbolism of an Institutional Seal

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Journal of Anesthesia History
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


      1. Bacon DR. Iconography in Anesthesiology: The importance of Society Seals in the 1920s and 30s. Anesthesiology 85(2):414-419.

        • Betcher A.M.
        • Ciliberti B.J.
        • Woo P.M.
        • Wright L.H.
        The Jubilee Year of Organized Anesthesia.
        Anesthesiology. 1956; 17: 226-264
        • Bacon D.R.
        The New York Society of Anesthetists: Building the Foundation. The American Society Of Anesthesiologists: A Century Of Challlenges And Progress.
        in: Bacon D.R. McGoldrick K.E. Lema M.J. Wood-Library Museum of Anesthesiology. 2005: 9-18 (Park Ridge, IL)
        • Sim P.P.
        From Indiana to New York: Dr. Paul Meyer Wood’s Hoosier Roots.
        ASA Newsletter. 1994; 58: 8-13
      2. Betcher AM. The Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology: Historical Development of the Library-Museum. Anesthesiology 22(4):618-632.