A Manual of the Operations of Surgery for the Use of Senior Students, House Surgeons, and Junior Practitioners

      Like other members of the Bell surgery dynasty in Scotland, Joseph Bell (1837-1911; Figure 1) was a celebrated teacher at the medical school of the University of Edinburgh. His textbook is freely available online from Project Gutenberg ( and other electronic libraries. (The free Kindle version is well formatted but lacks the graven images.) The work speaks little of anesthesia but lucidly illustrates the range of surgery in the early decades after Ether Day.
      Figure thumbnail gr1
      Fig. 1Complete with deerstalker cap, this image of Bell is preserved by the Royal College of Surgeons.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Journal of Anesthesia History
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Kemp D.
        • Mackail A.
        Conan Doyle and Joseph Bell: The Real Sherlock Holmes.
        Royal College of Surgeons, London2007 ([98 pp.])
        • Friedman D.
        • Freidman E.
        The Strange Case of Dr. Doyle: A Journey Into Madness & Mayhem.
        Square One Publishers, Garden City Park, New York2015 ([339 pp.])
        • Moore W.
        The Knife Man: The Extraordinary Life and Times of John Hunter, Father of Modern Surgery.
        Broadway Books, New York2005 ([341 pp.])
        • Imber G.
        Genius on the Edge: The Bizarre Double Life of Dr. William Stewart Halsted.
        Kaplan, New York2010 ([358 pp.])