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End of Life Care during the Holidays?

  • Lei Tian
    Affiliations
    Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
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  • George S. Bause
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: 5247 Wilson Mills Rd, No. 282, Cleveland, OH 44143-3016, USA. Tel.: +1 440 725 0785; fax: +1 888 734 6342.
    Affiliations
    Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine, 2124 Cornell Rd, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

    Honorary Curator, American Society of Anesthesiologists, Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology, 1061 American Lane, Schaumburg, IL 60173-4973, USA
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Published:October 09, 2015DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janh.2015.10.003
      In this 1906 political cartoon, The Proper Way to Kill the White House Turkey by Charles Lewis Bartholomew (1869-1949; editorial cartoonist, Minneapolis, MN, USA), the artist comments on one of the scandals surrounding President Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919; 26th US President, 1901-1909, Washington, DC, USA).
      • Bartholomew C.L.
      The proper way to kill the White House turkey.
      Two years earlier, the President's children had been falsely accused of cruelly chasing a Thanksgiving turkey around the White House grounds.
      • Lewis W.D.
      The Life of Theodore Roosevelt.
      By humanizing the handling of the bird, the artist makes light of how turkeys are traditionally treated in the holiday season. Loosely tethered by his neck, wings, and legs to a lawn chair, this cartoon turkey is attended by the President's personal physician, Dr. Presley Marion Rixey (1852-1928; Surgeon General of the US Navy, 1902-1910, Washington, DC, USA). The physician administers chloroform to the bird while a crying nurse holds a sponge and palpates the turkey's pulse with her other hand. In the background, a remorseful President Roosevelt dabs his own tears with a handkerchief (Figure).
      Figure thumbnail gr1
      FigureThe Proper Way to Kill the White House Turkey by Charles Lewis Bartholomew. This editorial cartoon was published in The Minneapolis Journal on November 28, 1906.
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      References

        • Bartholomew C.L.
        The proper way to kill the White House turkey.
        The Minneapolis Journal. November 28,1906; ([newspaper editorial cartoon]): 1
        • Lewis W.D.
        The Life of Theodore Roosevelt.
        John C Winston Company, Philadelphia, PA1919: 185
        • Hoffman R.B.
        • Martin D.E.
        The history of modern anesthesia. Pennsylvania Society of Anesthesiologists.
        (Available at:) ([Accessed September 8, 2015])