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Gentle Gassing by S.S. Cox, Not S.S. White

  • Author Footnotes
    1 This author reports no financial disclosures.
    Matthew L. Edwards
    Footnotes
    1 This author reports no financial disclosures.
    Affiliations
    Medical Student, The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77555-0144, USA
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  • George S. Bause
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: 5247 Wilson Mills Rd, No. 282, Cleveland, OH, 44143-3016, USA.
    Affiliations
    Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

    Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine, 2124 Cornell Rd, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

    Honorary Curator, Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology, 1061 American Lane, Schaumburg, IL 60173-4973, USA
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 This author reports no financial disclosures.
Published:January 12, 2016DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janh.2016.01.002
      This political cartoon, “Rotten to the Core,” by noted cartoonist Joseph F. Keppler (1838-1894), first appeared in the November 7, 1883 issue of the political magazine Puck. Keppler, a political satirist and illustrator, founded the magazine in 1871 (Figure). This cartoon depicts the United States as Uncle Sam seated in the office of the Washington Dental Association suffering from a painful toothache. A placard behind him reads: “S.S. Cox Laughing Gas, Mild and Harmless.” S.S. Cox, also known as US Representative Samuel Sullivan Cox (1824-1889), was a Democratic congressional representative from Ohio and later New York.
      Figure thumbnail gr1
      Figure“Rotten to the Core” by political cartoonist J. F. Keppler.
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