- •In 1864 GQ Colton moved his Colton Dental Association to Manhattan's Cooper Institute.
- •In 1879 Brunswick & Balke sponsored a World Billiards Tournament at Cooper Institute.
- •Tournament Manager FC Newhall's tooth was extracted under nitrous oxide from Colton.
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- Gardner Quincy Colton: pioneer of nitrous oxide anesthesia.Anesth Analg. 1991; 72: 382-391
- The 2016 Lewis H. Wright Memorial Lecture: America's doctor anaesthetists (1862-1936)—turning a tide of asphyxiating waves.J Anesth Hist. 2017; 3: 12-18https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janh.2016.12.001
- Laughing gas at Brunswick & Balke's 1879 World Billiards Tournament.Anesthesiology. 2017; 127: 422https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000001819
- The coming cue contest. Sexton withdraws. Arrangements for the champion billiard tournament completed—meeting of the players.in: New York Times. January 19, 1879: 7
- Antique tables. Nonpareil. From the 1878 J.M. Brunswick & Balke Co. Illustrated Price List.(Available at:)http://antiquetables.brunswickbilliards.com/our_rich_history/antique_tables/nonpariel.htmlDate accessed: September 25, 2017
- The cue battle begun. Opening of the billiard tournament. Albert Garnier and Jacob Schaefer cross cues—a game that was at times brilliant, at others poor—Sexton debarred from challenging for the championship cup.in: New York Times. January 21, 1879: 5
- Slosson beaten at last. Maurice Daly's biggest run. Yesterday's contests in the billiard tournament—Daly beats Slosson and Schaefer defeats Gallagher.in: New York Times. January 31, 1879: 5
- “H G.” Friday's cues and caroms; Schaefer's effort to beat Slosser's run and average.in: The Sun [New York, NY]. February 1, 1879: 1