About the Editors


THEODORE A. ALSTON, MD, PhD, is an Associate Anesthetist at Massachusetts General Hospital and an Assistant Professor at the Harvard Medical School. His PhD in Biochemistry is for work in enzymology, and he has a special interest in chemistry in the history of anesthesia. Generally hooked on the history of science, Ted is a feature writer for Astronomy Ireland magazine.


HELEN ASKITOPOULOU, MD, PhD, DA, FRCA, FERC Hon, FESEM Hon, is a Professor Emeritus of Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete (2011). Her previous positions have included Professor of Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete (1985-2011); and Chairperson, Department of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital of Heraklion (1990-2011). She has served as a Senator of the European Academy of Anaesthesiology (1994-2004); a Member, Council of European Society of Anaesthesiology (2009-2012); and a Chair, Ethics Committee, European Society for Emergency Medicine (2012-present). Her current research interests include the history of medicine in ancient Greece and ethical issues and dilemmas in medicine from antiquity to the present time. Dr. Askitopoulou organized the 7th International Congress on the History of Anaesthesia (ISHA), Heraklion, Crete (October 1-3, 2009); and she edited its proceedings, the book History of Anaesthesia VII.


CHRISTINE BALL, MB, BS (Hons), MD, FANZCA, is an anesthetist at the Alfred Hospital in Melbourne, Australia and co-convenor of a unit of the Masters of Perioperative Medicine at Monash University. Dr. Ball has been involved in the study of the history of the specialty for over 25 years and has more than 120 publications on the subject, including the book Historical Notes on Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, co-authored with her colleague, Rod Westhorpe, OAM, FRCA, FANZCA. She has served as an Honorary Curator of the Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History since 1989. In 2012 she was awarded an MD by Monash University for her thesis entitled "A History of Anaesthesia."


DONALD CATON, MD, is an Emeritus Professor of Anesthesiology at the University of Florida, where he taught for more than 35 years. He has published widely on the history of pain, particularly as it relates to obstetrics. His book What a Blessing She Had Chloroform (Yale University Press) has won many prizes, including the David M. Little, Jr. Prize of the Anesthesia History Association. In 2004 he was selected as the Laureate of Anesthesia History by the Wood Library-Museum. Dr. Caton has published many papers on the history of medicine, several of which deal with the social response to pain and its treatment.


JEAN-BERNARD CAZALAÀ, MD, served as anaesthetist and intensivist at Hospital Necker Enfants Malades in Paris until 2007. He is President of the French Society for the History of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (CHAR). He has penned numerous historical articles including several “Anesthesiology Reflections” in the journal Anesthesiology. Dr. Cazalaà has also authored books, including Apparatus for Anesthesia and Intensive Care (2005) and one whose French title translates to Anesthesia, Analgesia, Intensive Care, Samu: Our History , from 1945 to the 2000s. (2014). While working as Coordinator for the website on the history of anesthesia and intensive care (www.char-fr.net), he also serves as Curator of the Pierre Viars Anaesthesia Museum in the Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital (Paris). Dr. Cazalaà was a founding member of the French-speaking Society of History of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SOFHAR, 2014).


DORIS K. COPE, MS, MD, was the 3rd Editor of the Bulletin of Anesthesia History succeeding C. Ronald Stephen, MD, and Selma Calmes, MD. During Dr. Cope’s tenure, the Editorial Board and peer review process were expanded, older issues indexed and published, and subsequent issues were listed in PubMed for public access to articles. She is an Adjunct Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, where she served as Vice Chair for Pain Medicine and Director of the Program on Pain Research, Education and Health Care for the University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences prior to her current position as a pain management physician in Annapolis, MD. Dr. Cope has served on the Board of Trustees of the Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology (WLM) and she currently chairs the Friends of the WLM, Laureate, and Paul M. Wood Fellowship committees of the WLM.


JORGE DAGNINO-SEPÚLVEDA, MD, is a Chilean anesthesiologist and professor at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, the university in which he completed his medical medical schooling and anesthesiology residency. He finished his postgraduate studies at the Sir Humphry Davy Department of Anaesthesia at the University of Bristol, United Kingdom. He has been editor and member of the editorial board of the Revista Chilena de Anestesia and has had administrative responsibilities as Director of Postgraduate Studies and Academic Vice-Dean. His teaching and publications relate to anesthesia, biostatistics, history of medicine, and Latin and Greek roots of medical terminology.


ALBERTO J. de ARMENDI, MD, PhD, MBA is the Robert W. and Elise B. Lykins Chair in Anesthesiology at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center (OUHSC). Previously, he served as the Chief of Pediatric Anesthesia at OUHSC and at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital. A past Trustee of the Wood Library-Museum (WLM), Dr. de Armendi has collected multiple antiques for the WLM. The Alberto J. de Armendi, MD, PhD, MBA Library was named after him in the Gansu Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Lanzhou, China.


SUKUMAR P. DESAI, MD, graduated from All-India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, in 1977 before training under Leroy D. Vandam, MD, at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston. He has worked at the Brigham ever since. A chance visit to the Ether Dome ignited his passion for medical history. Along with a team of history enthusiasts from the Boston area, he celebrates history by conducting tours, encouraging trainees, and publishing research articles. In 2013 he organized the Annual Spring Meeting of the Anesthesia History Association in Hartford, Connecticut, and, in Boston in 2017, he will be organizing the 9th International Symposium on the History of Anesthesia.


BRENDAN T. FINUCANE, MB, BCH, BAO, FRCA, FRCPC, graduated from University College Dublin, Ireland (1967) and completed his Anesthesia Residency at the-University of Liverpool, UK (1968-72). After taking his Fellowship in Pediatric Anesthesia at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada (1972-73), he served on the Faculty of the Department of Anesthesia, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (1974-89) and as Chief of Anesthesia at Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (1977-89). Dr. Finucane then worked as Chair of Anesthesia, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (1989-99). Dr. Finucane has been honored with the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine Gaston Labat Award (2003), the Canadian Anesthesiologists’ Society Gold Medal (2005), a Paul M. Wood Fellowship in the History of Anesthesia (2005), and the Anesthesia History Association’s David M. Little, Jr. Prize (2008). Named a Professor Emeritus (2008) of the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Dr. Finucane has served since 2011 as Chair of the Archives and Artifacts Committee of the Canadian Anesthesiologists’ Society.


MICHAEL GOERIG, MD, served as a “Medizinalassistent” at the Constanz Lake Community Hospital and received his medical licensure in 1978. He started his medical specialization in anaesthesiology in 1978 and became an assistant to the Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine at the Medical Center of the University Hospital Hamburg, Germany, a department which was then chaired by the first “Ordinarius” for anesthesia history in Germany. Dr. Goerig co-authored the lavishly illustrated 400-page book with a title translating to The Development of Anaesthesia in Germany between 1890 and 1930. A leading lecturer at international historical meetings, Dr. Goerig helped organize the Fourth International Symposium on the History of Anesthesia and the exhibition of anesthetic apparatus at the “Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe” in Hamburg.


Emeritus Associate Professor PETER C. GORDON, BSc, MB BCh, FFA(SA). He retired as Head of Clinical Services in the Department of Anaesthesia at Groote Schuur Hospital and University of Cape Town in 2012. A past President of the South African Society of Anaesthesiologists (SASA, 1992), Dr. Gordon serves as the Honorary Curator of the Nagin Parbhoo History of Anaesthesia Museum (Groote Schuur Hospital) and as the Honorary Archivist of the SASA. In 2014 he was awarded the SASA’s OVS Kok Award for service to anesthesiology in South Africa. Dr. Gordon’s clinical interests include drug errors in anesthesia, safety aspects of anesthesia, and anesthesia for liver transplantation. His outside interests include cycling and photography.


RAJESH P. HARIDAS, MBChB, FANZCA, is the Honorary Curator of the Harry Daly Museum, and Honorary Librarian of the Richard Bailey Library, Australian Society of Anaesthetists, North Sydney, NSW, Australia. His research interests include the history of anesthesia in Boston, and the history of airway management during anesthesia. Dr Haridas has received two Paul M. Wood Fellowships of the Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology.


AKITOMO MATSUKI, MD, FRCA, graduated from Hirosaki University School of Medicine in 1960. He was named Emeritus Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine in 2004. His interests include the history of medical and allied sciences in Japan and other countries, and particularly revolve around the introduction of Western medical cultures into Japan. Professor Matsuki’s recent book publications include Seishu Hanaoka and His Medicine: A Japanese Pioneer of Anesthesia and Surgery and A Short History of Anesthesia in Japan.


ALISTAIR G. MCKENZIE, BPharm, MB,ChB, FRCA, FFPMRCA, was born and educated in Zimbabwe. He qualified and practiced as a pharmacist before obtaining his medical degree, after which he proceeded to specialist training in anaesthesia. He became a Consultant Anaesthetist first in Zimbabwe and subsequently in Scotland. He is currently a Consultant Anaesthetist at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh with regular sessions in obstetrics, orthopaedics and pain management, and he serves as an Honorary Clinical Senior Lecturer for the University of Edinburgh. His research interests extend to risk management and the history of anaesthesia. Dr. McKenzie was the Honorary Editor for the History of Anaesthesia Society (2006-12), and he is the Honorary Archivist of the Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland.


RAYMOND C. ROY, MD, PhD, earned his BSc from the University of Pennsylvania (1966), PhD in Chemistry from Duke University (1971), and MD from Tulane University (1974). After completing his anesthesia residency at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, he joined the faculty of the Bowman Gray School of Medicine (now the Wake Forest School of Medicine) in 1978. After serving as vice chair of the Department of Anesthesiology at Wake Forest (1987-1992), he became chair of the departments of anesthesiology at the Medical University of South Carolina (1992-96), University of Virginia (1996-98), and Wake Forest University (1998-2008). He was a director of the American Board of Anesthesiology for twelve years (1993-2005) and its president (2003-2004). He served as the inaugural president of Wake Forest University Physicians (2007-2009). He was elected to Alpha Omega Alpha in 2005. Currently Dr. Roy serves on the editorial staff of Anesthesia & Analgesia and the Journal of Anesthesia History and is the Vice President of the Anesthesia History Association and Interim Chair of Anesthesiology at Wake Forest. He has earned Best Doctor ratings annually for the last decade.


DALE C. SMITH, PhD, is Professor of Military Medicine and History in the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. The author of over a hundred papers and two books, he has served as visiting faculty in almost every state and on six continents and as a referee for the literature of virtually every medical specialty. He has been an invited speaker to several annual meetings of the Anesthesia History Association and delivered the American Society of Anesthesiologists’ 2002 Lewis H. Wright Memorial Lecture. An internationally recognized expert in the history of military medicine, Dr. Smith also publishes on the histories of medical education, surgery and infectious diseases.


M. WULF M. STRÄTLING, MD, PhD, aFRCA, works as a Consultant Anaesthetist at the University Hospital of Wales in Cardiff, UK. His main interests are in the fields of Ethics and Law in Medicine, General History and Theory of Medicine, and the History of Anaesthesia and its related Technology. These he represents in academia at the Universities of Cardiff, UK and Lübeck, Germany and as a “Clinical Lead” for “Medical Humanities”.


ADOLFO H. VENTURINI, MD, is a Professor Course Specialist in Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires and also the Director of the Museum and Historical Library of the Association of Anesthesia, Analgesia and Reanimation of Buenos Aires (AAARBA). He also works as the Honorary Curator of the Risolía Museum of the History of Medicine and Surgery and of the Bernardo A. Houssay House Museum. Dr. Venturini also serves as co-editor of the magazine ConAnestesia for the AAARBA and as Coordinator of the Commission for the History of Anesthesia, Confederation of Latin American Societies of Anaesthesiologists (CLASA).


ROD WESTHORPE, OAM, FRCA, FANZCA, is a retired paediatric anaesthetist. For 26 years, until 2012, he was the Honorary Curator of the Geoffrey Kaye Museum of Anaesthetic History, in Melbourne, Australia. He is the author or co-author of over 170 papers and book chapters, on both historical and clinical anaesthesia, and has been an invited lecturer at numerous national and international meetings. He is co-author of Historical Notes on Anaesthesia and Intensive Care (2012) and All About Anaesthesia (2000), a book written for the non-medical reader. Dr. Westhorpe is co-author and co-editor, of The Wondrous Story of Anesthesia (2013).


LI-SHENG ZHANG, MD, studied in Hebei Medical University, Tianjing, China (1950-55) after completing primary and middle schooling in Beijing. As a surgeon, he worked in the Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University (1955-58). Dr. Zhang was promoted to Attending Physician and Deputy Chairman of the Department of Anesthesiology in the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University (1960), to Associate Professor of Anesthesiology in the same hospital (1979), and to Chief Physician, Chairman of the Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care and tutor to postgraduate students in the same hospital (1981). He was promoted to Professor in the same hospital (1987). On behalf of the Chinese Society of Anesthesiology, he launched the Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology in 1981 in Shijiazhuang and was appointed later as the Deputy Editor-in-Chief. Dr. Zhang also launched the Pain Clinic Journal in 1993, for which he serves as the Editor-in-Chief.